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Tuesday, June 25, 2024

Average Credit Card Debt in America in 2024

Average Credit Card Debt In America
Ashley Fricker

Written by: Ashley Fricker

Ashley Fricker
Ashley Fricker

Ashley Fricker has more than a decade of experience as a finance contributor and editor, and has specialized in the credit card industry since 2015. Her credit card commentary is featured on national media outlets that include CNBC, MarketWatch, Investopedia, and Reader's Digest, among many others. She has worked closely with the world’s largest banks and financial institutions, up-and-coming fintech companies, and press and news outlets to curate comprehensive content and media. Ashley holds a bachelor's degree in multimedia journalism from Florida Atlantic University.

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Edited by: Lillian Guevara-Castro

Lillian Guevara-Castro
Lillian Guevara-Castro

Lillian Guevara-Castro brings more than 30 years of editing and journalism experience to the CardRates team. She has written and edited for major news organizations, including The Atlanta Journal-Constitution and the New York Times, and she previously served as an adjunct journalism instructor at the University of Florida. Today, Lillian edits all CardRates content for clarity, accuracy, and reader engagement.

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Reviewed by: Adam West

Adam West
Adam West

Adam corresponds with finance experts to publish industry news coverage related to helping consumers achieve greater financial literacy and improved credit. He has more than 12 years of storytelling, editing, and design experience in print and online journalism and is most knowledgeable in the areas of credit scores, financial products and services, and the banking industry.

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Opinions expressed here are ours alone, and are not provided, endorsed, or approved by any issuer. Our articles follow strict editorial guidelines and are updated regularly.

Credit card debt in America is seeing an unprecedented rise. And not just in the total amount owed, but also in the interest being charged to cardholder accounts. Between record inflation in 2022 and the cost of living outpacing earnings, Americans are turning to credit to make ends meet.1,2 

But credit card debt is more expensive today than in previous years because the Fed has increased interest rates in an effort to curb inflation. The increased reliance on credit coupled with high interest rates could lead Americans to dangerous debt levels that will take years to repay and account defaults resulting in credit damage.

We break down America’s credit card debt problem and how it compares to the debt levels of citizens in other countries.

Individual Credit Card Debt in America Averages $5,910

People reportedly saved money and spent less during the pandemic.3 Less spending, paused student loan payments, and stimulus checks, among other economic factors, led to lower credit card balances. 

But individual card balances are trending upward again, with the average consumer credit card debt sitting at $5,910 in 2022. This is a 13.2% increase from the previous year.

Q3 2021Q3 2022Change
$5,221$5,910+13.2
Source: Experian State of Credit Report

Increased debt levels remained consistent across all borrowers, no matter their credit scores or incomes. This trend reflects the state of the US economy and the financial pressure Americans are under. 

A reported 64% of Americans, even those earning $100,000 per year or more, live paycheck to paycheck. Furthermore, in a survey of people who live paycheck to paycheck, 73% said they expect their financial situations to worsen in the next year thanks to inflation.4

Household Credit Card Debt in America Averages $9,654

The average American household consists of 2.5 people.5 That typically includes two adults capable of using credit, which means more opportunity to accrue credit card debt. 

The average American household owes $9,654 as of the first quarter of 2023. Here’s how household credit card debt balances have changed from 2022 to 2023:

Q1 2022Q1 2023Change
$8,916$9,654+8.39%
Source: WalletHub Credit Card Debt Study

It should come as no surprise that credit card delinquencies — defined as a payment made 30 or more days late — are also trending upward.6 And late payments come with their own challenges, including expensive late fees, penalty APRs of up to 36%, and lower credit scores.

Americans’ Average Credit Card Debt by State

The amount of credit card debt someone has is largely influenced by where they live. For example, the cost of living in states such as California and New York is much higher than it is in Idaho. 

Here’s how the average card balance fluctuates based on the cardholder’s geographic location:

StateAverage BalanceStateAverage Balance
Connecticut$9,408Wyoming$7,098
New York$9,165South Carolina$7,063
New Jersey$9,044North Carolina$6,955
Rhode Island$8,728Nebraska$6,900
Texas$8,701Kansas$6,762
Florida$8,573Michigan$6,744
Hawaii$8,556Oregon$6,682
Maryland$8,463Pennsylvania$6,620
Massachusetts$8,405Missouri$6,599
Alaska$8,185Louisiana$6,475
Colorado$8,011Alabama$6,453
Delaware$7,993Oklahoma$6,401
Nevada$7,905Ohio$6,394
Georgia$7,790South Dakota$6,367
California$7,758New Mexico$6,355
Illinois$7,756Iowa$6,315
North Dakota$7,714Tennessee$6,240
Virginia$7,663Montana$6,160
Maine$7,518Arkansas$6,117
Utah$7,489Wisconsin$6,090
New Hampshire$7,415Idaho$6,073
Vermont$7,368Mississippi$6,035
Washington$7,365West Virginia$6,008
Minnesota$7,217Indiana$5,642
Arizona$7,213Kentucky$5,408
Source: LendingTree

Residents in Connecticut carry the most credit card debt, averaging $9,408. Residents in Kentucky carry the lowest average credit card debt at $5,408. That means Connecticuters owe an average of 74% more on their cards than Kentuckians. 

Also interesting is that the four states with the highest average card balances are in the Northeastern US. The U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics reports that the consumer price index, which reflects the cost of consumer goods and services, in the Northeast is up 3.1% from May of 2022.7

Americans’ Average Credit Card Debt by Age

The blanket increase in credit card balances is affecting consumers of all ages. Generation Z — those born between 1997 and 2012 — saw the greatest increase in their average card balances between 2021 and 2022. The Silent Generation — those born between 1928 and 1945 — saw the smallest average increase in their credit card balances.

Gen X has the unfortunate designation as the generation with the highest average card debt, while the youngest adult generation — Gen Z — has the least.

Generation20212022Change
Generation Z$2,282$2,854+25.1%
Millennials$4,576$5,649+23.4%
Generation X$7,070$8,134+15%
Baby Boomers$5,804$6,245+7.6%
Silent Generation$3,177$3,316+4.4%
Source: Experian

As reflected in this data, debt levels typically peak when consumers are middle-aged. This is typically because they’re earning and spending more during this time, whereas younger generations may still be living with their parents to manage inflated housing costs and just beginning their careers. 

Americans’ Total Credit Card Debt Over the Years

The total outstanding credit card debt in the US has had a yo-yo effect over the years. It tends to rise and fall with the economy. For example, you’ll notice a spike in card debt around the Great Recession, when budgets tightened and reliance on credit increased. 

Outstanding credit card debt in 2023 is at its highest level since the Fed began tracking revolving debt balances.

YearCard Debt
(Billions)
YearCard Debt
(Billions)
2004$720B2014$700B
2005$740B2015$730B
2006$770B2016$780B
2007$840B2017$830B
2008$870B2018$870B
2009$800B2019$930B
2010$730B2020$819B
2011$700B2021$856B
2012$680B2022$986B
2013$680B2023$986B
Source: Federal Reserve

Another interesting trend is that credit card balances remained the same in Q1 of 2023 as in Q4 of 2022.

“Consumers typically build up more credit-card debt at the end of the year, during the holiday season, and then reduce those balances at the start of the following year, sometimes with the help of tax refunds. But for the first time in 20 years, that wasn’t the case this year, suggesting some households are under strain from higher prices and may be relying on credit cards to maintain their spending.” — Fortune magazine8

How Americans’ Credit Card Debt Compares to That of Other Countries

America isn’t the only economy reeling. Canadian consumer debt has hit a new record high in the first quarter of 2023, and the average credit card balance was $2,121 (CAD) in the third quarter of 2022.9,10 

Here’s what the average credit card balance looks like in the world’s 10 largest economies, as determined by their GDP, converted to USD:

CountryAverage Debt
(USD)
United States $5,910
Japan $2,900
United Kingdom$2,316
Germany$2,052
China$1,728
Canada $1,604
France$1,616
Italy$811
Brazil$497
India$302
Sources: Experian, Financial Post, MoneyNerd, Shift Processing

While some of these balances may seem small, remember that lending laws vary by country. For example, credit card interest rates in Brazil average 450% — akin to a payday loan in the US.11

Another consideration is wages and the cost of living around the world. The average income in India in 2021 was $2,150 (USD) per year.12

Meanwhile, fewer than 40% of citizens in France and China even own a credit card, compared with nearly 67% of Americans.13

11 Steps Americans Can Take to Curb Credit Card Debt

You can take several proactive steps to curb credit card debt in the face of soaring debt levels, escalating interest rates, and mounting inflation. Here are some actionable strategies:

1. Create a realistic budget: Start by assessing your income, expenses, and debt obligations. Develop a comprehensive budget that prioritizes essential expenses while allocating a portion of your income toward debt repayment.

2. Minimize unnecessary expenses: Identify discretionary spending habits and cut back on non-essential purchases. Prioritize needs over wants to free up additional funds you can put toward your debt payoff goals.

3. Negotiate lower interest rates: Contact credit card companies and request a reduction in interest rates. Highlight your responsible payment history and mention competitive rates offered by other issuers. Lower interest rates can significantly reduce the overall cost of your debt.

4. Use balance transfers: Explore balance transfer credit cards that offer low or 0% introductory interest rates. By transferring high-interest balances to these cards, you can save on interest charges during the promotional period, allowing more of your payments to go toward reducing the principal debt.

5. Prioritize debt repayment: Adopt a debt repayment strategy that aligns with your financial goals. Two popular approaches are the avalanche method and the snowball method. The avalanche method involves paying off high-interest debt first, while the snowball method focuses on tackling small balances initially for motivation.

6. Increase monthly payments: Allocate a larger portion of your income toward credit card debt repayment. You can expedite the principal reduction and save on interest charges over time by paying more than the minimum due.

7. Consider debt consolidation: Explore options for consolidating high-interest credit card debt into a lower-interest loan or a balance transfer credit card. Consolidation can simplify debt management and potentially reduce interest costs.

8. Seek credit counseling: Consult with nonprofit credit counseling agencies that offer free or low-cost assistance. These organizations can provide personalized advice, help negotiate with creditors, and offer debt management plans.

9. Avoid incurring additional debt: Stop charging your credit cards and instead rely on cash or debit cards for purchases. This discipline will prevent further debt accumulation and allow you to focus on paying off your existing balances.

10. Boost your income: Seek ways to increase your income, such as taking on a part-time job, freelancing, or exploring side gigs. You can apply the additional earnings to debt repayment and accelerate your progress.

11. Build an emergency fund: Establish an emergency fund to cover unexpected expenses, reducing the likelihood of relying on credit cards for emergencies. 

Remember, successfully curbing credit card debt requires discipline, perseverance, and a long-term commitment to financial responsibility. It may take time, but by implementing these strategies, Americans can make significant progress toward reducing their debt burden.

Key Takeaways:

The main findings of this data are: 

  • Americans owe $986 billion in credit card debt — the highest amount on record
  • Individuals owe an average of $5,910
  • Households owe an average of $9,654
  • Residents of Connecticut have the highest average balance at $9,408
  • Residents of Kentucky have the lowest average balance at $5,408
  • Generation X has the highest average credit card balance at $8,134, up 15% from the previous year
  • The Silent Generation has the lowest average credit card balance at $3,316, up 4.4% from the previous year
  • Americans owe more credit card debt than citizens of any other country with leading economies

Data Sources:

1 https://www.pbs.org/newshour/economy/u-s-inflation-at-9-1-percent-a-record-high 

2 https://www.federalreserve.gov/releases/g19/current/ 

3 https://www.keranews.org/business-economy/2022-08-05/people-saved-a-ton-of-money-during-the-pandemic-that-didnt-necessarily-increase-their-wealth 

4 https://www.pymnts.com/study/reality-check-paycheck-to-paycheck-inflation-income-consumer-finance-spending/  

5 https://www.statista.com/statistics/183648/average-size-of-households-in-the-us/ 

6 https://alfred.stlouisfed.org/series?seid=DRCCLACBS 

7 https://www.bls.gov/regions/mid-atlantic/news-release/consumerpriceindex_northeast.htm 

8 https://fortune.com/2023/05/15/americans-show-signs-financial-stress-debt-credit-card-delinquencies/ 

9 https://www.ctvnews.ca/business/canadian-consumer-debt-hits-all-time-high-reaching-2-32-trillion-in-q1-2023-transunion-1.6421851 

10 https://www.nerdwallet.com/ca/credit-cards/canadian-credit-card-debt-is-on-the-rise 

11 https://www.bloomberg.com/news/articles/2023-05-30/brazil-s-credit-card-rates-climb-to-450-a-six-year-high#xj4y7vzkg 

12 https://www.worlddata.info/average-income.php 

13 https://www.statista.com/statistics/675371/ownership-of-credit-cards-globally-by-country/