Credit cards are a ginormous business. In the U.S. alone, consumers and businesses used credit cards to purchase almost $4 trillion in goods and services in 2019.
That $4 trillion was generated by more than 44 billion card transactions. Customers owed credit card companies more than $1 trillion by the end of 2019.
2019 was a good year for the credit card industry and credit card companies. Spending on goods and services, or purchase volume, rose 7.8%; the number of purchase transactions increased by 8.7%; and total credit card debt at year end saw an increase of 4.6% from the total credit card debt for the same period in 2018.
The numbers come from a February 2020 Nilson Report that ranked the largest issuers of Visa, Mastercard, American Express, and Discover cards based on their outstanding receivables — or debt owed to them — at the end of 2019. Receivables for card companies are debt for cardholders. The report included cards for businesses and consumers.
A high ranking based on receivables doesn’t necessarily mean that a credit card company is more profitable for its investors or friendlier to its customers. Still, we’re impressed. Read on to see credit card issuer market share data and you may be as well.
Top 10 Credit Card Issuers by Market Share
The top-10 card issuers include all of the biggest brand names in the business. Chase, Citi, Bank of America, Capital One, Wells Fargo, and U.S. Bank, which issue Visa and Mastercard cards, are in the top eight along with American Express and Discover, which issue their own cards. Barclays and Synchrony Financial rounded out the top 10.
Together, these issuers controlled 81% of the credit card market based on receivables and 85% based on purchase transactions in 2019. Their slice of the receivables pie was smaller than it was five or 10 years earlier, but the pie itself was larger. Their share of purchase transactions was almost unchanged compared with earlier periods, but again, the pie itself was significantly bigger.
Here are the 25 top issuers, listed in rank order by outstanding receivables at the end of 2019. The rank-order positions for 2019 and 2018 include Mastercard and Visa issuers and cards only.
The numbers of active accounts and credit cards issued are in millions. Active accounts are defined as those that had at least one purchase transaction in October, November, or December 2019.
1. Chase – 16.6%
Market share: 16.6%
Rank 2019: 1
Rank 2018: 1
Active accounts: 42,224
Cards issued: 98,580
After topping the ranks in 2018, Chase gobbled up another 0.5% or so of market share in 2019. The company also posted the largest increase in receivables, up about $12.3 billion year over year.
Only three top-10 issuers — Chase, Capital One, and Citi — gained market share in purchase transactions in 2019. Chase added 0.033% to capture about 20.4% of the purchase transaction volume.
Only nine issuers achieved significant gains in their dollar volume of purchase transactions. Chase was the winner by a wide margin as its purchase transactions grew almost $71 billion.
Next on the list are American Express (AmEx), which added almost $47 billion, and Citi, which added about $34 billion. Chase also scored double-digit increases in its total number of purchase transactions.
Chase Bank is incorporated in Delaware.
2. Citi – 11.6%
Market share: 11.6%
Rank 2019: 2
Rank 2018: 2
Active accounts: 39,700
Cards issued: 72,554
Based on outstanding receivables, Citi gained just 0.06% of market share in 2019, but that sliver of growth was enough for the credit card issuer to hang on to its second-place ranking for the year. Citi also had the third-largest increase in its total dollar value of receivables, which grew $5.8 billion.
Like Chase, Citi was one of only three top-10 issuers that gained market share in purchase transactions. Citi’s 0.05% gain helped it capture 11.2% of the purchase transaction volume. That fraction may sound small, but it added an extra $34 billion, slightly more than Capital One’s gain of $33.3 billion.
Citi is incorporated in South Dakota.
3. American Express – 11.3%
Market share: 11.3%
Cards issued: 45,500
American Express lost a very slim slice of market share in 2019 for a total segment of about 11.3%, based on outstanding year-end receivables. The small dip put AmEx in the third position behind Citi on this list.
Despite its loss of market share, AmEx posted the fifth-largest increase in its total dollar receivables, up $4.09 billion from 2018 to 2019. Of the seven top-10 issuers that lost market share in purchase transactions, the company saw the largest drop at 0.031%, representing about 20.2% of the purchase transaction volume.
Again that loss came despite a gain in total dollar volume. AmEx added almost $47 billion in purchase transactions, more than Citi’s $34 or Capital One’s $33.3 billion.
AmEx is incorporated in New York.
4. Bank of America – 10.7%
Market share: 10.7%
Rank 2019: 3
Rank 2018: 3
Active accounts: 29,100
Cards issued: 54,196
Like AmEx, Bank of America lost a slice of market share in 2019. The bank’s loss was about 0.5%. That dip gave Bank of America a 10.7% market share.
The bank also lost market share in purchase transactions, which fell slightly to about 9.6% of the top-10’s volume. Again like AmEx, Bank of America gained in total volume, adding $19.3 billion in purchase transactions.
That was more than the gains posted by U.S. Bank, which was up $8.6 billion; Discover, up $7.1 billion, and Wells Fargo, up $5.8 billion.
Bank of America is incorporated in Delaware.
5. Capital One – 10.5%
Market share: 10.5%
Rank 2019: 4
Rank 2018: 4
Active accounts: 50,870
Cards issued: 109,449
Capital One gained a small slice of market share in 2019 that kept it in fourth place — with 10.5% of the market — among the Visa and Mastercard issuers. Capital One also had the most active accounts, the most cards issued, and the second-largest jump in receivables, which were up $6.95 billion.
Like Chase and Citi, Capital One gained market share in purchase transactions. Capital One’s nearly 0.02% gain helped it capture 9.34% of the purchase transaction volume.
Although Chase, AmEx, and Citi posted bigger dollar-value gains in purchases, Capital One added $33.3 billion, more than Bank of America, U.S. Bank, Discover, or Wells Fargo.
Capital One also scored double-digit increases in the number of purchase transactions, along with only eight other issuers among the top 20.
Capital One is incorporated in Virginia.
6. Discover – 7.6%
Market share: 7.6%
Cards issued: 60,100
Discover gained 0.09% in market share, representing almost 7.6% of the total market. That’s thanks to the fourth-largest increase — $4.3 billion — in total dollar volume of receivables for the card issuer from 2018 to 2019.
Though Discover lost 0.09% of its share in purchases, it still achieved a significant gain in total dollar volume of these transactions, adding $7.1 billion for a 3.7% share. Discover also achieved a double-digit increase in its number of purchase transactions.
Discover is headquartered in Illinois.
7. Wells Fargo – 4.3%
Market share: 4.3%
Rank 2019: 5
Rank 2018: 5
Active accounts: 9,990
Cards issued: 22,132
Wells Fargo posted the ninth-largest increase in its total dollar volume of outstanding receivables, up $1.75 billion from 2018 to 2019. That wasn’t enough to avoid a loss of 0.02% of its market share, giving it 4.3% of 2019’s year-end outstanding receivables.
Wells Fargo added $5.8 billion in purchase transactions in 2019. It was still one of seven top-10 issuers that lost share on this front, however. The issuing bank dropped 0.01% in purchase transactions to capture slightly more than 3.5% of the total volume for the year.
Wells Fargo is incorporated in South Dakota.
8. U.S. Bank – 4.1%
Market share: 4.1%
Rank 2019: 6
Rank 2018: 6
Active accounts: 11,637
Cards issued: 22,099
U.S. Bank added $8.6 billion to its purchase transactions and $1.84 billion to its total outstanding receivables in 2019. The gain in purchase transactions was bigger than that of Discover’s $7.1 billion or Wells Fargo’s $5.8 billion.
Despite those increases, the issuer lost an almost negligible slice of its market share, retaining its ranking with 4.1%. It lost 0.07% of its purchase transactions, capturing 3.9% of the total.
U.S. Bank is incorporated in Ohio
9. Barclays – 2.6%
Market share: 2.6%
Rank 2019: 7
Rank 2018: 7
Active accounts: 7,775
Cards issued: 15,043
Barclays closed 2019 with a 2.6% market share based on outstanding receivables at year end and a 2% share of the purchase transaction volume. Barclays gave up 0.09% of its share in outstanding receivables and 0.08% of its share in purchase transaction volume compared with 2018.
If those 2%-range segments seem small, keep in mind that these are trillion-dollar markets and small segments are still very large sums of money.
Barclays is incorporated in Delaware.
10. Synchrony Financial – 2%
Market share: 2%
Rank 2019: 8
Rank 2018: 8
Active accounts: 13,500
Cards issued: 28,470
Synchrony Financial lost 0.034% of its market share, based on outstanding receivables, to close 2019 with a 2% share. The issuer lost 0.03% of the top-10’s 2019 purchase transaction volume for a 1.4% share.
Synchrony is incorporated in Utah. The company was spun off from GE Capital in 2015.
The Next 15 Largest Issuers
With the top 10 card issuers controlling 81.3% of the market, the rest are left to divvy up the remaining share of 18.7%.
Here are the next 15 issuers on the Nilson Report list. None of them had a market share of more than 2% based on year end 2019 outstanding receivables.
11. Navy Federal Credit Union
Rank 2019: 9
Rank 2018: 10
Active accounts: 2,512
Cards issued: 4,295
Navy Federal Credit Union was the only credit union among the top 25 U.S. card issuers in 2019. Despite its smaller size, the issuer achieved the sixth-largest increase in total outstanding receivables, adding $2.64 billion compared with the prior year.
Only four top-20 issuers had a double-digit percentage increase in outstanding receivables. Navy Federal was a strong second with a 13.2% gain. Alliance Data led the category with a 15.2% increase. Comdata and Wex gained 12.1% and 10.6%, respectively. Comdata and Wex are financial services companies that issue corporate cards.
Navy Federal also made the short list of issuers that scored double-digit increases in their number of purchase transactions. Navy Federal again came second in the category, after Alliance Data and ahead of PNC Bank, Comdata, Capital One, Credit One Bank, Chase, Wex, and Discover.
Navy Federal is based in Virginia.
Rank 2019: 10
Rank 2018: 9
Active accounts: 4,180
Cards issued: 7,461
USAA is a diversified financial services company that serves military personnel, veterans, and their families. The company has 13 million members worldwide.
USAA is headquartered in Texas.
13. PNC Bank
Rank 2019: 11
Rank 2018: 11
Active accounts: 1,360
Cards issued: 5,901
PNC Bank achieved strong growth in its card business in 2019. The bank recorded double-digit year-over-year percentage increases in its year-end outstanding receivables and its number of purchase transactions. PNC also scored the tenth-largest increase in its total dollar volume of outstanding receivables, which grew $1.2 billion year over year.
PNC is incorporated in Delaware.
14. Credit One Bank
Rank 2019: 12
Rank 2018: 13
Active accounts: 9,556
Cards issued: 16,447
Credit One Bank achieved a double-digit percentage increase in its outstanding receivables and a double-digit increase in its number of purchase transactions from 2018 to 2019.
Credit One is incorporated in Nevada.
15. TD Bank
Rank 2019: 13
Rank 2018: 12
Active accounts: 3,842
Cards issued: 8,278
TD Bank has branches in the Northeast and mid-Atlantic regions, Washington, D.C., the Carolinas, and Florida. It is a subsidiary of The Toronto-Dominion Bank of Toronto, Canada.
TD Bank is incorporated in Delaware.
16. First National of Nebraska
Rank 2019: 14
Rank 2018: 14
Active accounts: 2,297
Cards issued: 4,536
First National of Nebraska has $23 billion in assets and serves customers in Colorado, Texas, South Dakota, Nebraska, Kansas, Iowa, and Illinois. Among the cards it issues is American Express.
First National of Nebraska is headquartered in Nebraska.
17. Alliance Data
Rank 2019: 15
Rank 2018: 15
Active accounts: 2,651
Cards issued: 3,062
Alliance Data posted strong numbers in 2019. It achieved double-digit percentage increases in outstanding receivables and purchase transactions. It also scored a double-digit jump in its purchase volume, leading the list in this category.
Alliance Data manages branded card programs and customer loyalty programs for companies like Wayfair, Pottery Barn, Sobeys, and Ulta Beauty. The company is headquartered in Ohio.
18. Merrick Bank
Rank 2019: 16
Rank 2018: 16
Active accounts: 1,309
Cards issued: 4,580
Merrick Bank offers credit programs for people who want to build or rebuild their credit. It also offers loans, consumer finance options for marine, RV, and horse trailer dealers, and financial services for various types of merchants, including non-traditional businesses.
Merrick Bank is incorporated in Utah.
19. Fifth Third Bank
Rank 2019: 17
Rank 2018: 17
Active accounts: 877
Cards issued: 2,015
Fifth Third Bank is part of a diversified financial services company. The bank has branches in Ohio, Kentucky, Indiana, Michigan, Illinois, Florida, Tennessee, West Virginia, Georgia, and North Carolina. Its services include consumer banking and lending, commercial banking, and wealth and asset management.
Fifth Third Bank is incorporated in Ohio.
20. BB&T (Truist)
Rank 2019: 18
Rank 2018: 18
Active accounts: 582
Cards issued: 2,047
BB&T still has its signage up in 15 states and the Washington, D.C., metro area where it has branches; however, the company merged with SunTrust Bank, number 21 on this list, in December 2019. The merger — which formed Truist — was the largest between two banks in the last decade.
BB&T Corporation is headquartered in North Carolina.
21. SunTrust Bank (Truist)
Rank 2019: 19
Rank 2018: 19
Active accounts: 902
Cards issued: 5,232
SunTrust Bank has been part of Truist Financial Corp. since its December 2019 merger with BB&T, number 20 on this list. Truist will divest more than 30 branches as part of the merger, but would still almost certainly rank higher on this list than BB&T or SunTrust individually.
SunTrust Bank is incorporated in Georgia.
22. Regions Financial
Rank 2019: 20
Rank 2018: 20
Active accounts: 754
Cards issued: 3,434
Regions Financial provides consumer and commercial banking, wealth management, and mortgage products and services for customers across the South, the Midwest, and in Texas.
Regions Financial is incorporated in Alabama.
23. Citizens Bank
Rank 2019: 21
Rank 2018: 21
Active accounts: 2,833
Cards issued: 3,491
Citizens Bank offers retail and commercial banking services in the New England, the Mid-Atlantic, and Midwest regions. The bank was acquired by RBS Group in 1988. Since then, it has grown through more than 25 strategic acquisitions, primarily of other banks or their branches.
Citizens Bank is incorporated in Rhode Island.
24. Goldman Sachs
Rank 2019: 22
Rank 2018: n/a
Active accounts: 262
Cards issued: 473
Goldman Sachs’s Apple Card launch in August 2019 propelled the issuer to the seventh-largest increase in its total dollar amount of outstanding receivables, which amounted to $1.86 billion at year end.
Goldman Sachs is incorporated in New York.
25. First PREMIER® Bank
Rank 2019: 23
Rank 2018: 25
Active accounts: 625
Cards issued: 1,082
First PREMIER® Bank offers its PREMIER Bankcard® credit cards for individuals with poor credit.
First PREMIER® Bank is incorporated in Nevada.
For the record, here are the next 10 largest credit card issuers, listed according to rank, with their state of incorporation for financial companies and banks, or headquarters location for credit unions:
- Pen Federal Credit Union, Virginia
- State Farm Bank, Illinois
- KeyBank, Ohio
- HSBC, Virginia
- Credit Shop, Texas
- BECU (Boeing Employees Credit Union), Washington
- ICBA Bancard, Washington, D.C.
- BBVA Compass, Alabama
- Commerce Bank, Missouri
- BMO Harris, Illinois